While some pests can be dealt with reasonably well without professional help, it is essential that you contact a professional as soon as you know you have a rat infestation so that they can implement the proper rat control procedures.
WHAT SIGNS TO LOOK FOR RATS (Rats are usually nocturnal but can be seen during day time hours)
There are noticeable effects to look for, such as rat droppings, which share the general dimensions of a sultana. Also chewed bits of furniture or wiring could also be a sign of a rat infestation, although that could also be an indication of mice.
If you find any tracks in dust on the ground followed by a tail smudge that is an excellent signal you can tell them from mice tracks because rat’s feet are rather large whereas mice’s feet are small. If you have a mouse infestation that is also serious, but not as serious as rats due to the greater danger of contracting diseases from rats.
Also if there is a hole in the wall, this is another sign of a rat infestation, as are smears on the wall. They usually come from the oil substance on a rat’s fur that comes off when they rub against it.
When you come face to face with a rat, it’s not an attractive sight, and even though they won’t attack for no reason, you have to be careful that you don’t get into a location where they can bite you as this will be extremely sore and rather serious.
How to Get Rid of a Rat invasion
A rat infestation is extremely serious and suggestion on rat control measures should be taken from an expert. Rats will chew on anything, they need food to maintain them so if you deny them that nutrition it is an excellent way to getting rid of rats, making sure they continue to stay away from your building and not attracting them in. In the mean time you should keeping good hygiene standards. Make sure that reject food is stored in bins and rubbish bags are not left near the house. Keep all food out of the way or in hard containers. Any mess made by pets should also be cleaned up quickly.
Other options of keeping rats away include having a well-kept garden, removing sources of water from ground level so rats cannot access them and clearing blocked drains immediately. More specific advice on rat control procedures applicable to your own home can be provided by a professional.
RAT CONTROL MEASURES
These rat control measures should be taken straight away, however they will not rid you of the rat infestation. The best way to do that is with rat poison, however even though rats will generally eat anything, they are generally mistrusting of new sources of food and it will usually take them a few nights before they take the poisoned bait. Pets and young children should of course be kept away from the bait. Once the rats have ingested the poison, it could take anything from a few days to over a week for it to be effective, so you will have to be patient.
Know About Them
Rats are a hazard, but to overcome a rival you have to know extra about them than they know about you. The most common form of rats in Britain is called the common rats. In an attempt to gather objects for their nests they will chew anything, including power cables, creating a possible fire hazard.
Rats are more common during winter and cooler weather generally and like to live near materials of food and water. They increase quickly, with each female capable of around six litters every year, with each litter producing half a dozen to a dozen baby rats.